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Title: Rural Architecture
       Being a Complete Description of Farm Houses, Cottages, and Out Buildings

Author: Lewis Falley Allen

Illustrator: John William Orr

Release Date: December 3, 2006 [EBook #19998]

Language: English


*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK RURAL ARCHITECTURE ***




Produced by Louise Hope, Steven Giacomelli and the Online
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RURAL ARCHITECTURE. BEING A COMPLETE DESCRIPTION OF FARM HOUSES, COTTAGES, AND OUT BUILDINGS, COMPRISING
WOOD HOUSES, WORKSHOPS, TOOL HOUSES, CARRIAGE AND WAGON HOUSES, STABLES, SMOKE AND ASH HOUSES, ICE HOUSES, APIARY OR BEE HOUSE, POULTRY HOUSES, RABBITRY, DOVECOTE, PIGGERY, BARNS AND SHEDS FOR CATTLE, &c., &c., &c. TOGETHER WITH
LAWNS, PLEASURE GROUNDS AND PARKS; THE FLOWER, FRUIT AND VEGETABLE GARDEN. ALSO, USEFUL AND ORNAMENTAL DOMESTIC ANIMALS FOR THE COUNTRY RESIDENT, &c., &c., &c. ALSO, THE BEST METHOD OF CONDUCTING WATER INTO CATTLE YARDS AND HOUSES.


BY LEWIS F. ALLEN.


BEAUTIFULLY ILLUSTRATED.


NEW YORK: C. M. SAXTON, AGRICULTURAL BOOK PUBLISHER. 1852.

 
 

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1852.
By Lewis F. Allen,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States
for the Southern District of New York.


Stereotyped by
JEWETT, THOMAS AND CO.
Buffalo, N.Y.

ADVERTISEMENT.

The writer of these pages ought, perhaps, to apologize for attempting a work on a subject, of which he is not a professional master, either in design or execution. In the science of Farm buildings he claims no better knowledge than a long practical observation has given him. The thoughts herein submitted for the consideration of those interested in the subject of Farm buildings are the result of that observation, added to his experience in the use of such buildings, and a conviction of the inconveniences attending many of those already planned and erected.

Nor is it intended, in the production of this work, to interfere with the labors of the professional builder. To such builder all who may be disposed to adopt any model or suggestion here presented, are referred, for the various details, in their specifications, and estimates, that may be required; presuming that the designs and descriptions of this work will be sufficient for the guidance of any master builder, in their erection and completion.

But for the solicitation of those who believe that the undersigned could offer some improvements in the construction of Farm buildings for the benefit of our landholders and practical farmers, these pages would probably never have appeared. They are offered in the hope that they may be useful in assisting to form the taste, and add to the comfort of those who are the main instruments in embellishing the face of our country in its most pleasing and agreeable features—the American Farmer.

LEWIS F. ALLEN.

Black Rock, N.Y. 1851.

Note.—For throwing the Designs embraced in these pages into their present artistic form, the writer is indebted to Messrs. Otis & Brown, architects, of Buffalo, to whose skill and experience he takes a pleasure in recommending such as may wish instruction in the plans, drawings, specifications, or estimates relating to either of the designs here submitted, or for others of any kind that may be adapted to their purposes.

L. F. A.

CONTENTS.

Headings in the Table of Contents are often different from the body text. All secondary indentations were added by the transcriber, representing text sections that have no distinct header. Line breaks were added when a single entry has two different links.

There is no separate list of illustrations.

Full-page plates have been placed before the discussion of each Design. The page number in the printed book is retained in the Table of Contents and some picture captions, and in marginal page numbers shown in parentheses. Floor plans of cottages and farm buildings have generally been moved to the Interior Arrangement sections; they were originally printed on the same page as the "Elevation".

Page. Prefatory, 9 Introductory, 13 General Suggestions, 19 Style of Building—Miscellaneous, 23 Position of Farm Houses, 29 Home Embellishments, 32 Material for Farm Buildings, 37 Outside Color of Houses, 42 A Short Chapter on Taste, 48 The Construction of Cellars, 54 Ventilation of Houses, 56 Interior Accommodation of Houses, 65 Chimney Tops, 68 Preliminary to our Designs, 69 Design I. A Farm House, 72 Interior Arrangement, 75 Ground Plan, 76 Chamber Plan, 77 Miscellaneous, 80 As a Tenant House, 81 Design II. Description, 84 Ground and Chamber Plans, 89 Interior Arrangement, 90 Miscellaneous Details, 95 Printed Contents indents "Miscellaneous Details," as if a subchapter to House Design II. Design III. Description, 101 Ground and Chamber Plans, 105 Interior Arrangement, 106 Miscellaneous, 111 Design IV. Description, 114 Interior Arrangement, 118 Ground Plan, 119 Chamber Plan, 120 Surrounding Plantations, Shrubbery, Walks, &c., 125 Tree Planting in the Highway, 129 Printed Contents indents "Tree Planting," as if a subchapter to House Design IV. Design V. Description, 133 Interior Arrangement, 135 Ground Plan, 136 Chamber Plan, 142 Construction, Cost of Building, &c., 147 Grounds, Plantations, and Surroundings, 149 Design VI. A Southern, or Plantation House, 154 Interior Arrangement, 159 Chamber Plan, 162 Carriage House, 163 Miscellaneous, 163 Lawn and Park Surroundings, 166 An Ancient New England Family, 168 An American Homestead of the Last Century, 169 Estimate of Cost of Design VI, 172 Design VII. A Plantation House, 175 Interior Arrangement, 176 Ground Plan, 177 Chamber Plan, 178 Miscellaneous, 179 Printed Contents shows "Miscellaneous" (above) as a new chapter, but indents "Lawns..." (below). Lawns, Grounds, Parks, and Woods, 181 The Forest Trees of America, 183 Influence of Trees and Forests on the Character of men, 184 Hillhouse and Walter Scott as Tree Planters, 187 Doctor Johnson, no Rural Taste, 188 The following three headings— Fruit Garden, Kitchen Garden, Flowers— appear in the body text as separate chapters. Fruit Garden—Orchard, 194 How to lay out a Kitchen Garden, 197 Flowers, 202 Wild Flowers of America, 203 Succession of Home Flowers, 206 Farm Cottages, 208 Design I,
and Ground Plan, 213 Interior Arrangement 214 Design II,
and Ground Plan, 216 Interior Arrangement, 216 Design III,
and Ground Plan, 220 Interior Arrangement, 220 Design IV,
and Ground Plan, 226 Interior Arrangement, 229 Cottage Outside Decoration, 231 Cottages on the Skirts of Estates, 233 House and Cottage Furniture, 235 Apiary, or Bee House, 246 View of Apiary and Ground Plan, and description, 249 Mode of Taking the Honey, 252 An Ice House, 258 Elevation and Ground Plan, 260 An Ash House and Smoke House, 264 Elevation and Ground Plan, 265 The Poultry House, 267 Elevation
and Ground Plan, 269 Interior Arrangement, 271 The Dovecote, 275 Different Varieties of Pigeons, 278 A Piggery, 279 Elevation
and Ground Plan, 281 Interior Arrangement, 282 Construction of Piggery—Cost, 283 Farm Barns, 286 Design I. Description, 291 Interior Arrangement,
and Main Floor Plan, 293 Underground Plan, and Yard, 295 Design II. Description, 300 Interior Arrangement, 303 Floor Plan, 304 Barn Attachments, 308 Rabbits, 311 Mr. Rotch's Description of his Rabbits, 313 Rabbits and Hutch, 315 Dutch, and English Rabbits, 318 Mode of Feeding, 319 Mr. Rodman's Rabbitry, Elevation, and Floor Plan, 322 Explanations, 323 "Explanations" not indented in printed Contents.

Loft or Garret,
Explanation,

324

Cellar plan,
Explanation,

325

Front and Back of Hutches,
and Explanation,

326 Dairy Buildings, 330 Cheese Dairy House, 330 Elevation of Dairy House
and Ground Plan, 331 Interior Arrangement, 333 The Butter Dairy, 335 "The Butter Dairy" appears in the body text as a new chapter. The Water Ram, 337 Figure and Description, 338 Granary—Rat-proof, 343 Improved Domestic Animals, 345 Short Horn Bull, 349 Short Horn Cow, 352 Devon Cow and Bull, 355 Southdown Ram and Ewe, 359 Long-wooled Ram and Ewe, 362 Common Sheep, 364 Remarks, 365 Waterfowls, 370 The African Goose, 370 China Goose, 371 Bremen Goose, 372 A Word About Dogs, 374 Smooth Terrier, 377 Shepherd Dog, 381 Advertising Section, {1}

PREFATORY.

This work owes its appearance to the absence of any cheap and popular book on the subject of Rural Architecture, exclusively intended for the farming or agricultural interest of the United States. Why it is, that nothing of the kind has been heretofore attempted for the chief benefit of so large and important a class of our community as our farmers comprise, is not easy to say, unless it be that they themselves have indicated but little wish for instruction in a branch of domestic economy which is, in reality, one of great importance, not only to their domestic enjoyment, but their pecuniary welfare. It is, too, perhaps, among

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